Zuma, despite being a villain, is one of the most iconic characters in Philippine comics. Created by Jim Fernandez, he first appeared in the novel Aztec, illustrated by Elmer Esquivias. He then appeared in numerous other novels/series, most notable among them was Anak ni Zuma (Spawn of Zuma), which may be one of the longest-running serials in Philippine comics history. He even starred in two movies, plus his own title in the 1990's, flip-flopping from villain to hero and vice versa. Recently, Jim Fernandez announced on facebook that he and longtime collaborator Hal Santiago are working on a new Zuma comic.